The Telegraph: Polish codebreakers ‘cracked Enigma before Alan Turing’

Diplomats say Poland’s key part in the deciphering the German system of codes in WWII has largely been overlooked.

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Alan Turing could not have cracked the Enigma Code without the help of Polish mathematicians and it is time to “right the wrong” and acknowledge their contribution, the Polish government has said.

Deciphering the German system is believed to have shortened World War Two by two years and saved countless lives.

They even taught Turing how to build electro-mechanical devices which simulated the workings of the Enigma machine and enabled operators to cycle through one possible setting after another.

By the time war broke out the Germans had increased the sophistication of the machine and the Poles were struggling to make more headway. But based on the Polish knowledge, Turing managed to build a huge computer that would finally crack the cipher.

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